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J Cell Sci. 2013 Dec 1;126(Pt 23):5377-90. doi: 10.1242/jcs.128280. Epub 2013 Sep 17.

A functional siRNA screen identifies genes modulating angiotensin II-mediated EGFR transactivation.

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1
School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072, Australia.

Abstract

The angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) transactivates the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to mediate cellular growth, however, the molecular mechanisms involved have not yet been resolved. To address this, we performed a functional siRNA screen of the human kinome in human mammary epithelial cells that demonstrate a robust AT1R-EGFR transactivation. We identified a suite of genes encoding proteins that both positively and negatively regulate AT1R-EGFR transactivation. Many candidates are components of EGFR signalling networks, whereas others, including TRIO, BMX and CHKA, have not been previously linked to EGFR transactivation. Individual knockdown of TRIO, BMX or CHKA attenuated tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGFR by angiotensin II stimulation, but this did not occur following direct stimulation of the EGFR with EGF, indicating that these proteins function between the activated AT1R and the EGFR. Further investigation of TRIO and CHKA revealed that their activity is likely to be required for AT1R-EGFR transactivation. CHKA also mediated EGFR transactivation in response to another G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligand, thrombin, indicating a pervasive role for CHKA in GPCR-EGFR crosstalk. Our study reveals the power of unbiased, functional genomic screens to identify new signalling mediators important for tissue remodelling in cardiovascular disease and cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Angiotensin; EGFR; G protein-coupled receptor; siRNA, T</emph>ransactivation

PMID:
24046455
PMCID:
PMC3843137
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.128280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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