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Hypertension. 2013 Nov;62(5):886-92. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.113.01648. Epub 2013 Sep 16.

Endothelin-1, oxidative stress, and endogenous angiotensin II: mechanisms of angiotensin II type I receptor autoantibody-enhanced renal and blood pressure response during pregnancy.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216. bblamarca@umc.edu.

Abstract

Hypertension during preeclampsia is associated with increased maternal vascular sensitivity to angiotensin II (ANGII). This study was designed to determine mechanisms whereby agonistic autoantibodies to the ANGII type I receptor (AT1-AA) enhance blood pressure (mean arterial pressure [MAP]) and renal vascular sensitivity to ANGII during pregnancy. First, we examined MAP and renal artery resistance index in response to chronic administration of ANGII or AT1-AA or AT1-AA+ANGII in pregnant rats compared with control pregnant rats. To examine mechanisms of heightened sensitivity in response to AT1-AA during pregnancy, we examined the role of endogenous ANGII in AT1-AA-infused pregnant rats, and that of endothelin-1 and oxidative stress in AT1-AA+ANGII-treated rats. Chronic ANGII increased MAP from 95±2 in normal pregnant rats to 115±2 mm Hg; chronic AT1-AA increased MAP to 118±1 mm Hg in normal pregnant rats, which further increased to 123±2 mm Hg with AT1-AA+ANGII. Increasing ANGII from 10(-11) to 10(-8) decreased afferent arteriole diameter from 15% to 20% but sharply decreased afferent arteriole diameter to 60% in AT1-AA-pretreated vessels. Renal artery resistance index increased from 0.67 in normal pregnant rats to 0.70 with AT1-AA infusion, which was exacerbated to 0.74 in AT1-AA+ANGII-infused rats. AT1-AA-induced hypertension decreased with enalapril but was not attenuated. Both tissue endothelin-1 and reactive oxygen species increased with AT1-AA+ANGII compared with AT1-AA alone, and blockade of either of these pathways had significant effects on MAP or renal artery resistance index. These data support the hypothesis that AT1-AA, via activation of endothelin-1 and oxidative stress and interaction with endogenous ANGII, is an important mechanism whereby MAP and renal vascular responses are enhanced during preeclampsia.

KEYWORDS:

angiotensin II; preeclampsia

PMID:
24041954
PMCID:
PMC3845356
DOI:
10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.113.01648
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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