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Clin Nephrol. 2013 Nov;80(5):349-54. doi: 10.5414/CN107829.

Urinary KIM-1, IL-18 and Cys-c as early predictive biomarkers in gadolinium-based contrast-induced nephropathy in the elderly patients.



This study was designed to investigate whether urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and cystatin C (Cys-C) are early predictive biomarkers for gadolinium-based contrast-induced nephropathy (Gd-CIN) in the elderly patients undergoing gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


60 elderly patients undergoing enhanced MRI using gadolinium-based contrast media were enrolled. Urine samples were collected before and 24 hours and 48 hours after the procedure, and KIM-1, IL-18 and Cys-C levels were measured by using an ELLSA kit respectively. Serum samples before and 24 hours and 48 hours after the procedure were also collected, and creatinine was measured by automatic biochemical analyzer.


Gd-CIN was diagnosed in 8 of 60 (13.3%) patients. At 24 hours after MRI with gadolinium administration in the Gd-CIN group, the urinary KIM-1, IL-18 and Cys-C were significantly increased. Logistic regression analysis showed that urinary KIM-1 and IL-18 at 24 hours after gadolinium injection were independent predictive markers of Gd-CIN. The predictable time of acute kidney injury (AKI) onset determined by urinary KIM-1, IL-18 and Cys-C was 24 hours earlier than by serum creatinine.


Urinary KIM-1, IL-18 and Cys-C could be early predictive biomarkers of Gd-CIN in the elderly patients, which showed a good performance in early diagnosis of Gd-CIN as compared with serum creatinine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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