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Exp Parasitol. 1990 Jan;70(1):85-99.

Plasmodium vivax: malarial proteins associated with the membrane-bound caveola-vesicle complexes and cytoplasmic cleft structures of infected erythrocytes.

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New York University Medical Center, Department of Medical and Molecular Parasitology, New York 10010.


The identification of antigens of parasite origin associated with the altered membrane of Plasmodium vivax-infected erythrocytes was undertaken in this study. The 125I-lactoperoxidase catalyzed surface radiolabeling of trophozoite-infected erythrocytes revealed new bands of 95 and 70 kDa not labeled in normal erythrocytes. Erythrocyte membrane-enriched preparations from [35S]methionine biosynthetically labeled-infected erythrocytes also indicated that in addition to bands at 95 and 70 kDa, several other parasite proteins were possibly membrane associated. Five monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) reactive with P. vivax produced an immunofluorescent pattern of numerous small dots scattered over the entire infected erythrocyte. This pattern mimics that of Schuffner's stippling; small red dots seen in Giemsa-stained P. vivax-infected erythrocytes, which represent accumulations of dye in caveola-vesicle complexes (CVC). Four of the monoclonal antibodies immunoprecipitated a Triton X-100 detergent-insoluble 95-kDa parasite protein which was localized by immunofluorescent assay and immunoelectron microscopy exclusively to the CVC. Two of these Mabs were immunofluorescence reactive with the surface of intact infected erythrocytes in suspension. The fifth Mab, which also localized exclusively to the CVC structures, immunoprecipitated a Triton X-100 extractable protein of 70 kDa. Two other monoclonal antibodies reacted exclusively with the numerous membranous cleft structures found in the cytoplasm of infected erythrocytes. This cleft-associated parasite antigen was 28 kDa in size. Some of these Mabs recognize epitopes and produce similar IFA patterns on erythrocytes infected with P. cynomolgi, P. knowlesi, and P. ovale parasites, but not with P. falciparum- or P. brasilianum-infected erythrocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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