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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2014 Jan;406(1):123-37. doi: 10.1007/s00216-013-7307-1. Epub 2013 Sep 14.

Lactate biosensors: current status and outlook.

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Laboratory of Organic Materials and Interfaces, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628, BL, Delft, The Netherlands,


Many research efforts over the last few decades have been devoted to sensing lactate as an important analytical target in clinical care, sport medicine, and food processing. Therefore, research in designing lactate sensors is no longer in its infancy and now is more directed toward viable sensors for direct applications. In this review, we provide an overview of the most immediate and relevant developments toward this end, and we discuss and assess common transduction approaches. Further, we critically describe the pros and cons of current commercial lactate sensors and envision how future sensing design may benefit from emerging new technologies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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