Send to

Choose Destination
Virology. 1990 Jan;174(1):299-304.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X gene expression in human cells and anti-HBx antibodies detection in chronic HBV infection.

Author information

ER272-IRSC, Villejuif, France.


All mammalian hepatitis B virus genomes contain an open reading frame X (X-ORF) of unknown function which could encode a protein of 17 kDa. Using a plasmid containing the entire X-ORF preceded by the adenovirus type 2 major late promoter and its tripartite leader sequence efficient expression of the HBV X-gene was achieved. The X protein of 17 kDa was characterized by immunoblotting and immunoprecipitated with an antiserum prepared against a X fusion protein produced in E. coli. By cell fractionation and indirect immunofluorescence the X-protein was found at least in part associated with nuclei. Human cell extracts containing the X protein have been used to screen human sera for anti-HBx antibodies. Such antibodies were detected in sera from patients with active chronic hepatitis with ongoing viral replication. The efficient expression of the HBV X protein obtained will facilitate its functional analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center