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Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2013 Nov;36(11):1767-77. doi: 10.1007/s00449-013-0952-0. Epub 2013 Sep 14.

High-level extracellular production of D-Psicose-3-epimerase with recombinant Escherichia coli by a two-stage glycerol feeding approach.

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Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China,


The aim of this study is to achieve high-level extracellular production of D-Psicose-3-epimerase (DPE) with recombinant Escherichia coli. High-level production of DPE is one of the key factors in D-Psicose production. In the present study, the gene AAL45544.1 from Agrobacterium tumefaciens str. C58 was modified by artificial synthesis for overexpression in E. coli. The total DPE activity reached 3.96 U mL(-1) after optimization of the media composition, induction temperature, and concentration of inducer. Furthermore, it was found that addition of glycine had a positive effect on the extracellular production of DPE, which reached 3.5 U mL(-1). Finally, a two-stage glycerol feeding strategy based on both the specific growth rate before induction and the amount of glycerol residues after induction was applied in a 3-L fermenter. After a series of optimal strategies in the 3-L fermenter, the total and extracellular DPE activity were 5.08- and 3.11-fold higher than that noted in the shake flask. The extracellular and intracellular DPE activity reached 10.9 and 13.2 U mL(-1), achieving 25.5 and 31.1 % conversion of D-fructose to D-psicose, respectively. The systemic strategies presented in this study provide valuable novel information for the industrial application of DPE.

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