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Cell Tissue Res. 2013 Dec;354(3):783-92. doi: 10.1007/s00441-013-1710-y. Epub 2013 Sep 15.

Arp2/3 complex inhibitors adversely affect actin cytoskeleton remodeling in the cultured murine kidney collecting duct M-1 cells.

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Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, 194064, Russia,


Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton plays an essential role in cell migration and various signaling processes in living cells. One of the critical factors that controls the nucleation of new actin filaments in eukaryotic cells is the actin-related protein 2/3 (Arp2/3) complex. Recently, two novel classes of small molecules that bind to different sites on the Arp2/3 complex and inhibit its ability to nucleate F-actin have been discovered and described. The current study aims at investigating the effects of CK-0944666 (CK-666) and its analogs (CK-869 and inactive CK-689) on the reorganization of the actin microfilaments in the cortical collecting duct cell line, M-1. We show that treatment with CK-666 and CK869 results in the reorganization of F-actin and drastically affects cell motility rate. The concentrations of the compounds used in this study (100-200 μM) neither cause loss of cell viability nor influence cell shape or monolayer integrity; hence, the effects of described compounds were not due to structural side effects. Therefore, we conclude that the Arp2/3 complex plays an important role in cell motility and F-actin reorganization in M-1 cells. Furthermore, CK-666 and its analogs are useful tools for the investigation of the Arp2/3 complex.

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