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Neurosci Lett. 2013 Oct 25;554:121-5. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.09.008. Epub 2013 Sep 11.

Curcumin-induced upregulation of the anti-tau cochaperone BAG2 in primary rat cortical neurons.

Author information

1
Cellular and Biomolecular Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Electronic address: spatil@widener.edu.

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by extracellular deposits of amyloid beta (Aβ) protein and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated tau protein. Various studies suggest that the tau tangle pathology, which lies downstream to Aβ pathology, is essential to produce AD-associated clinical phenotype and thus treatments targeting tau pathology may prevent or delay disease progression effectively. In this context, our present study examined three polyphenol compounds (curcumin, EGCG and resveratrol) for their possible activity against two endogenous proteins (BAG2 and LAMP1) that are shown to play a vital role in clearing tau tangles from neurons. Human epidemiological and animal data suggest potential positive effects of these polyphenols against AD. Here, primary rat cortical neurons treated with these polyphenols significantly up-regulated BAG2 levels at different concentrations, while only EGCG upregulated LAMP1 levels, although at higher concentrations. Importantly, curcumin doubled BAG2 levels at low micromolar concentrations that are clinically relevant. In addition, curcumin also downregulated levels of phosphorylated tau, which may be potentially attributed to the curcumin-induced upregulation in BAG2 levels in the neurons. The present results demonstrate novel activity of polyphenol curcumin in up-regulating an anti-tau cochaperone BAG2 and thus, suggest probable benefit of curcumin against AD-associated tauopathy.

KEYWORDS:

(−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate; AD; ADAM10; AMP-activated protein kinase; AMPK; APP; Alzheimer's disease; Aβ; BACE1; BAG2; BCL2-associated athanogene 2; Curcumin; EGCG; LAMP1; LDH; NFTs; OA; Polyphenol; ROS; Tau; a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 10; amyloid beta; amyloid precursor protein; beta-site APP cleaving enzyme-1; lactate dehydrogenase; lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1; neurofibillary tangles; okadaic acid; reactive oxygen species

PMID:
24035895
PMCID:
PMC3825752
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2013.09.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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