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Surg Clin North Am. 2013 Oct;93(5):1057-89. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2013.06.017.

Repair of umbilical and epigastric hernias.

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Department of Surgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA 01199, USA; Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:


Umbilical and epigastric hernias are primary midline defects that are present in up to 50% of the population. In the United States, only about 1% of the population carries this specific diagnosis, and only about 11% of these are repaired. Repair is aimed at symptoms relief or prevention, and the patient's goals and expectations should be explicitly identified and aligned with the health care team. This article details some relevant and interesting anatomic issues, reviews existing data, and highlights some common and important surgical techniques. Emphasis is placed on a patient-centered approach to the repair of umbilical and epigastric hernias.


Abdominal wall; Epigastric hernia; Incisional hernia; Mesh; Umbilical hernia

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