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J Nurs Manag. 2015 Mar;23(2):252-62. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12122. Epub 2013 Sep 3.

Exposure to workplace bullying and post-traumatic stress disorder symptomology: the role of protective psychological resources.

Author information

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

Abstract

AIM:

To examine the relationship between nurses' exposure to workplace bullying and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptomology and the protective role of psychological capital (PsyCap).

BACKGROUND:

Workplace bullying has serious organisational and health effects in nursing. Few studies have examined the relation of workplace bullying to serious mental health outcomes, such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Even fewer have examined the effect of intrapersonal strengths on the health impact of workplace bullying.

METHOD:

A survey of 1205 hospital nurses was conducted to test the hypothesized model. Nurses completed standardized measures of bullying, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and PsyCap.

RESULT:

A moderated regression analysis revealed that more frequent exposure to workplace bullying was significantly related to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptomology regardless of the PsyCap level. That is, PsyCap did not moderate the bullying/PTSD relationship in either group. Bullying exposure and PsyCap were significant independent predictors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms in both groups. Efficacy, a subdimension of PsyCap, moderated the bullying/Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder relationship only among experienced nurses.

CONCLUSION:

Workplace bullying appears to be predictive of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptomology, a serious mental health outcome.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT:

Workplace bullying is a serious threat to nurses' health and calls for programmes that eliminate bullying and encourage greater levels of positive resources among nurses.

KEYWORDS:

new graduate nurses; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); psychological capital (PsyCap); workplace bullying

PMID:
24033807
DOI:
10.1111/jonm.12122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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