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Hepat Mon. 2013 Jun 18;13(6):e9389. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.9389. eCollection 2013.

Histopathology of post-transplant liver biopsies, the first report from iran.

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1
Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran ; Department of Pathology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Evaluation of a transplanted liver by Imaging techniques and enzyme changes is sensitive to hepatocellular or biliary problems, but in most instances liver allograft biopsies are performed in order to find out the final reason for these changes.

OBJECTIVES:

It's been about 17 years (with more than 1326 cases) since the first liver transplantation in the Namazi Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences while during the last five years the number of post liver transplant biopsies have increased. Until now there has been no report of the pathological results of post liver transplant needle biopsies from Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

During the last 5 years, there have been 382 post liver transplant biopsies. We studied the clinical charts and pathological results of all needle biopsies.

RESULTS:

A total of 382 needle biopsies were performed on 287 patients aged between 1 and 64 years old. The earliest specimen was obtained within the first few hours following transplantation, and the last was gathered 3209 days (261 ± 523) post-transplantation. Acute rejection was the most common diagnosis, which occurred in 180 (47%) of specimens. Among other complications were vascular problems (8.6%), preservation/reperfusion (I/R) injury (7%), chronic rejection (5.2%), biliary injury/obstruction (3.4%), recurrence of primary disease (2.6%), drug-induced hepatic injury (1.8%), cirrhosis (1.6%), sepsis (1.4%), cytomegalovirus hepatitis (1.4%), post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disease (1%) and Venous outflow obstruction (0.5%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The most common pathological diagnosis of post-transplant liver needle biopsies has been acute rejection, followed by ischemia due to hepatic artery thrombosis, preservation/reperfusion injury, and chronic rejection.

KEYWORDS:

Biopsy; Iran; Liver Transplantation

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