Send to

Choose Destination
Luminescence. 2014 Aug;29(5):492-9. doi: 10.1002/bio.2574. Epub 2013 Sep 13.

Studies on binding interactions between clenbuterol hydrochloride and two serum albumins by multispectroscopic approaches in vitro.

Author information

School of Chemistry and Environment Science, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong Shaanxi, 723000, China.


In this study, binding properties of clenbuterol hydrochloride (CL) with human serum albumin (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were examined using constant protein concentrations and various CL contents under physiological conditions. The binding parameters were confirmed using fluorescence quenching spectroscopy at various temperatures. The experimental results confirmed that the quenching mechanisms of CL and HSA/BSA were both static quenching processes. The thermodynamic parameters, namely, enthalpy change (ΔH) and entropy change (ΔS), were calculated according to the van't Hoff equation, which suggested that the electrostatic interactions were the predominant intermolecular forces in stabilizing the CL-HSA complex, and hydrogen bonds and van der Waals force were the predominant intermolecular forces in stabilizing the CL-BSA complex. Furthermore, the conformational changes of HSA/BSA in the presence of CL were determined using the data obtained from three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy.


bovine serum albumin; clenbuterol hydrochloride; human serum albumin; interaction; spectroscopy

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center