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Niger J Surg. 2012 Jan;18(1):34-6. doi: 10.4103/1117-6806.95492.

Pre surgical evaluation of scrotal cystocele by conventional radiography (cystogram).

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Department of Surgery, SGT Medical College, Hospital and Research Institute, Village-Budhera, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.


Urinary bladder is a known content of sliding inguinal hernias but rarely presents as irreducible direct inguinal hernia. As inguinal hernia repair is commonly undertaken even at peripheral surgical centers. Cystogram a simple radiological investigation (picturesque view) is useful for pre-surgical evaluation as it can prevent iatrogenic bladder injury during inguinal hernia repair. This investigation can be performed where other radiological expertises like computerized tomography scan/magnetic resonance imaging or even ultrasound facilities are not readily available.


Cystogram; irreducible direct inguinal hernia; scrotal cystocele

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