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Niger J Surg. 2012 Jan;18(1):22-3. doi: 10.4103/1117-6806.95481.

Cold abscess of the anterior abdominal wall: an unusual primary presentation.

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Department of General Surgery, SGT Medical College, Hospital and Research Institute, Gurgaon, India.


Tuberculosis is considered as ubiquitous disease as it involves any organ, but primary involvement of abdominal muscles is very rare. In most cases, the muscle involvement is secondary and is caused by either hematogenous route or direct inoculation from a tuberculous abdominal lymph node or extension from underlying tubercular synovitis and osteomyelitis. Autopsy studies have shown abdominal wall involvement in less than 1% of patients who died of tuberculosis. Antitubercular therapy is main form of management. Surgical intervention is always secondary in the form of either sonography or computerized tomography-guided aspiration or open drainage which is usually reserved for patients in whom medical treatment has failed. A case is hereby reported about primary tubercular anterior abdominal wall abscess without any evidence of pulmonary, skeletal or gastrointestinal tuberculosis in an apparently healthy individual with any past history of contact or previous antituberculosis therapy.


Anterior abdominal wall; antitubercular therapy; primary tuberculosis

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