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J Biol Chem. 2013 Oct 25;288(43):30815-31. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.463414. Epub 2013 Sep 11.

Novel role for p21-activated kinase 2 in thrombin-induced monocyte migration.

Author information

1
From the Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163.

Abstract

To understand the role of thrombin in inflammation, we tested its effects on migration of THP-1 cells, a human monocytic cell line. Thrombin induced THP-1 cell migration in a dose-dependent manner. Thrombin induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Pyk2, Gab1, and p115 RhoGEF, leading to Rac1- and RhoA-dependent Pak2 activation. Downstream to Pyk2, Gab1 formed a complex with p115 RhoGEF involving their pleckstrin homology domains. Furthermore, inhibition or depletion of Pyk2, Gab1, p115 RhoGEF, Rac1, RhoA, or Pak2 levels substantially attenuated thrombin-induced THP-1 cell F-actin cytoskeletal remodeling and migration. Inhibition or depletion of PAR1 also blocked thrombin-induced activation of Pyk2, Gab1, p115 RhoGEF, Rac1, RhoA, and Pak2, resulting in diminished THP-1 cell F-actin cytoskeletal remodeling and migration. Similarly, depletion of Gα12 negated thrombin-induced Pyk2, Gab1, p115 RhoGEF, Rac1, RhoA, and Pak2 activation, leading to attenuation of THP-1 cell F-actin cytoskeletal remodeling and migration. These novel observations reveal that thrombin induces monocyte/macrophage migration via PAR1-Gα12-dependent Pyk2-mediated Gab1 and p115 RhoGEF interactions, leading to Rac1- and RhoA-targeted Pak2 activation. Thus, these findings provide mechanistic evidence for the role of thrombin and its receptor PAR1 in inflammation.

KEYWORDS:

G Protein-coupled Receptors (GPCRs); Inflammation; Macrophages; Migration; Signaling

PMID:
24025335
PMCID:
PMC3829397
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M113.463414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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