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Vet Dermatol. 2013 Oct;24(5):519-e122. doi: 10.1111/vde.12071.

Tris-EDTA significantly enhances antibiotic efficacy against multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro.

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1
School of Veterinary Science, The University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire, CH64 7TE, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa commonly complicates chronic bacterial otitis in dogs.

HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid-tromethamine (Tris-EDTA) on the minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) and minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of marbofloxacin and gentamicin for multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates from cases of canine otitis.

METHODS:

Eleven isolates were identified as multidrug resistant on disc diffusion; 10 were resistant to marbofloxacin and two were resistant to gentamicin. Isolates were incubated for 90 min with each antibiotic alone and in combination with Tris-EDTA at concentrations of 0.075 μg/mL to 5 mg/mL for marbofloxacin, 0.001 μg/mL to 10 mg/mL for gentamicin and 17.8:4.7 to 0.14:0.04 mg/mL for Tris-EDTA. Positive and negative controls were included. Aliquots of each antibiotic and/or Tris-EDTA concentration were subsequently transferred to sheep blood agar to determine the MBCs, and tryptone soy broth was added to the remaining suspensions to determine the MICs.

RESULTS:

Tris-EDTA alone was bacteriostatic but not bactericidal at any concentration. The addition of Tris-EDTA significantly reduced the median MBC (from 625 to 468.8 μg/mL; P < 0.001) and MIC (from 29.3 to 2.4 μg/mL; P = 0.008) of marbofloxacin, and the median MBC (from 625 to 39.1 μg/mL) and MIC (from 19.5 to 1.2 μg/mL) of gentamicin (both P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:

Tris-EDTA significantly reduced the MBCs and MICs of marbofloxacin and gentamicin for multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa in vitro. This may be of use to clinicians managing these infections in dogs.

PMID:
24025021
DOI:
10.1111/vde.12071
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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