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Ann Surg. 2013 Sep;258(3):400-8. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a15bcc.

A plasma microRNA panel for detection of colorectal adenomas: a step toward more precise screening for colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
*Price Institute of Surgical Research and the Section of Colorectal Surgery, Hiram C. Polk Jr MD Department of Surgery †Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The main objective of this study was to investigate the potential use of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers of colorectal (CR) adenomas.

BACKGROUND:

Detection of precancerous lesions such as CR adenoma is a key to reduce CR cancer (CRC) mortality. There is a great need for accurate, noninvasive biomarkers for detection of CR adenoma and CRC. MiRNAs are non-protein-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Our prior work investigated the dysregulation of 5 plasma miRNAs in CRC patients. As intended, we undertook a more comprehensive plasma-miRNA screening study in patients with CR adenoma and CRC.

METHODS:

We screened for 380 plasma-miRNAs using microfluidic array technology (Applied BioSystems) in a screening cohort of 12 healthy controls, 9 patients with CR adenomas, and 20 patients with CRC. A panel of the most dysregulated miRNAs (P < 0.05, False Discovery Rate: 5%) was then validated in a blinded cohort of 26 healthy controls, 16 patients with large adenomas, and 45 patients with CRC.

RESULTS:

A panel of 8 plasma miRNAs (miR-532-3p, miR-331, miR-195, miR-17, miR-142-3p, miR-15b, miR-532, and miR-652) distinguished polyps from controls with high accuracy [area under curve (AUC) = 0.868 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.76-0.98)]. In addition, a panel of 3 plasma miRNAs (miR-431, miR-15b, and miR-139-3p) distinguished Stage IV CRC from controls with an [AUC = 0.896 (95% CI: 0.78-1.0)]. Receiver-operating-characteristic curves of miRNA panels for all CRC versus controls and polyps versus all CRC showed AUC values of 0.829 (95% CI: 0.73-0.93) and 0.856 (95% CI: 0.75-0.97), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Plasma miRNAs are reliable, noninvasive, and inexpensive markers for CR adenomas. This miRNA panel warrants study in larger cohorts. Plasma-based assays could provide better screening compliance compared to fecal occult blood or endoscopic screening.

PMID:
24022433
DOI:
10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a15bcc
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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