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J Sch Health. 2013 Oct;83(10):718-27. doi: 10.1111/josh.12086.

Development of a pre-service teachers' self-efficacy instrument regarding teacher health education standards.

Author information

1
Professor/Chairperson, (jkclark@ilstu.edu), Department of Health Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, IL 61790-5220.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Whereas many education programs expect students to use national standards in various content areas, few studies have been conducted that examine pre-service teachers' confidence in demonstrating their use of the professional teacher standards.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this project was 2-fold: (1) To develop the Pre-service Health Education National Standards Self-efficacy (PHENSS) Scale; and (2) To establish the instrument's ability to draw inferences from PHENSS Scale scores.

METHODS:

The final instrument consisted of 29 items and 4 demographic items. Validation was established using qualitative and quantitative procedures. After the instrument had been validated, pre-service elementary education and pre-service secondary health education teachers were recruited to complete the instrument at 2 different times.

RESULTS:

Items were grouped to form 7 subscales (a subscale for each standard) and were analyzed to determine test-retest reliability and internal consistency. All scales were found to be statistically significant (p ≤ .05). Cronbach's alpha for the 7 subscales ranged from .73 to .96, and α = .94 for the entire instrument.

CONCLUSION:

The instrument, which assessed self-efficacy toward implementing Professional Teacher Standards in Health Education, was found to be both valid and reliable.

KEYWORDS:

instruments; professional preparation of school health personnel; research

PMID:
24020686
DOI:
10.1111/josh.12086
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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