Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Theranostics. 2013 Aug 21;3(9):692-702. doi: 10.7150/thno.5922. eCollection 2013.

Evaluation of polymethine dyes as potential probes for near infrared fluorescence imaging of tumors: part - 1.

Author information

1
1. Department of Molecular and Cellular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263;

Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) organic dyes have become important for many biomedical applications, including in vivo optical imaging. Conjugation of NIR fluorescent dyes to photosensitizing molecules (photosensitizers) holds strong potential for NIR fluorescence image guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. Therefore, we were interested in investigating the photophysical properties, in vivo tumor-affinity and fluorescence imaging potential of a series of heterocyclic polymethine dyes, which could then be conjugated to certain PDT agents. For our present study, we selected a series of symmetrical polymethine dyes containing a variety of bis-N-substituted indole or benzindole moieties linked by linear conjugation with and without a fused substituted cyclohexene ring. The N-alkyl side chain at the C-terminal position was functionalized with sulfonic, carboxylic acid, methyl ester or hydroxyl groups. Although, among the parent cyanine dyes investigated, the commercially available, cyanine dye IR783 (3) (bis-indole-N-butylsulfonate)-polymethine dye with a cyclic chloro-cyclohexene moiety showed best fluorescence-imaging ability, based on its spectral properties (λAbs=782 nm, λFl=810 nm, ε = 261,000 M(-1)cm(-1), ΦFl≈0.08) and tumor affinity. In addition to 3, parent dyes IR820 and Cypate (6) were also selected and subjected to further modifications by introducing desired functional groups, which could enable further conjugation of the cyanine dyes to an effective photosensitizer HPPH developed in our laboratory. The synthesis and biological studies (tumor-imaging and PDT) of the resulting bifunctional conjugates are discussed in succeeding paper (Part-2 of this study).

KEYWORDS:

Fluorescence Quantum Yields.; Near Infrared Fluorescence Imaging; Near Infrared Fluorophores; Photodynamic therapy; Reactive Oxygen Species

PMID:
24019854
PMCID:
PMC3767116
DOI:
10.7150/thno.5922
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Ivyspring International Publisher Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center