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Cell Signal. 2013 Dec;25(12):2878-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2013.08.034. Epub 2013 Sep 7.

Two non-coding RNAs, MicroRNA-101 and HOTTIP contribute cartilage integrity by epigenetic and homeotic regulation of integrin-α1.

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Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chunbuk 570-749, Republic of Korea.


Non-coding RNAs have been less studied in cartilage development and destruction regulated by sophisticated molecular events despite their considerable theranostic potential. In this study, we identified significant down-regulation of mR-101 and up-regulation of lncRNA, HOTTIP in the processes of endochondral ossification and osteoarthritic progression. In wing mesenchymal cells, up-expression of miR-101 by TGF-β3 treatment is targeting DNMT-3B and thereby altered the methylation of integrin-α1 addressed as a positive regulator of endochondral ossification in this study. In like manner, down-regulation of miR-101 also coordinately up-regulated DNMT-3B, down-regulated integrin-α1, and resulted in cartilage destruction. In an OA animal model, introduction of lentiviruses that encoded miR-101 or integrin-α1 successfully reduced cartilage destruction. In like manner, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), HOTTIP, a known regulator for HoxA genes, was highly up-regulated and concurrent down-regulation of HoxA13 displayed the suppression of integrin-α1 in OA chondrocytes. In conclusion, two non-coding RNAs, miR-101 and HOTTIP regulate cartilage development and destruction by modulating integrin-α1 either epigenetically by DNMT-3B or transcriptionally by HoxA13 and data further suggest that these non-coding RNAs could be a potent predictive biomarker for OA as well as a therapeutic target for preventing cartilage-related diseases.


DNMT-3B; Endochondral ossification; HOTTIP; Integrin α1; MiR-101; Osteoarthritis

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