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PLoS One. 2013 Aug 28;8(8):e73075. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073075. eCollection 2013.

A second tubulin binding site on the kinesin-13 motor head domain is important during mitosis.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America ; State Key Lab of Reproductive Medicine, College of Basic Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Abstract

Kinesin-13s are microtubule (MT) depolymerases different from most other kinesins that move along MTs. Like other kinesins, they have a motor or head domain (HD) containing a tubulin and an ATP binding site. Interestingly, kinesin-13s have an additional binding site (Kin-Tub-2) on the opposite side of the HD that contains several family conserved positively charged residues. The role of this site in kinesin-13 function is not clear. To address this issue, we investigated the in-vitro and in-vivo effects of mutating Kin-Tub-2 family conserved residues on the Drosophila melanogaster kinesin-13, KLP10A. We show that the Kin-Tub-2 site enhances tubulin cross-linking and MT bundling properties of KLP10A in-vitro. Disruption of the Kin-Tub-2 site, despite not having a deleterious effect on MT depolymerization, results in abnormal mitotic spindles and lagging chromosomes during mitosis in Drosophila S2 cells. The results suggest that the additional Kin-Tub-2 tubulin biding site plays a direct MT attachment role in-vivo.

PMID:
24015286
PMCID:
PMC3755979
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0073075
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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