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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 May;69(5):519-26. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glt128. Epub 2013 Sep 7.

Age determines the magnitudes of angiotensin II-induced contractions, mRNA, and protein expression of angiotensin type 1 receptors in rat carotid arteries.

Author information

1
Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pecs, Hungary koller@nymc.edu.

Abstract

In this study, we hypothesized that aging alters angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vasomotor responses and expression of vascular mRNA and protein angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R). Thus, carotid arteries were isolated from the following age groups of rats: 8 days, 2-9 months, 12-20 months, and 20-30 months, and their vasomotor responses were measured in a myograph after repeated administrations of Ang II. Vascular relative AT1R mRNA level was determined by quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and the AT1R protein density was measured by Western blot. Contractions to the first administration of Ang II increased from 8 days to 6 months and then they decreased to 30 months. In general, second administration of Ang II elicited reduced contractions, but they also increased from 8 days until 2 months and then they decreased to 30 months. Similarly the AT1R mRNA level increased from 8 days to 12 months and then decreased to 30 months. Similarly the AT1R protein density increased from 8 days until 16 months and then they decreased to 30 months. The pattern of these changes correlated with functional vasomotor data. We conclude that aging (newborn to senescence) has substantial effects on Ang II-induced vasomotor responses and AT1R signaling suggesting the importance of genetic programs.

KEYWORDS:

AT1R mRNA expression; AT1R protein expression; Aging; Angiotensin II-induced arterial responses; Senescence.

PMID:
24013672
DOI:
10.1093/gerona/glt128
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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