Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2013 Sep 6;14:45. doi: 10.1186/2050-6511-14-45.

Tissue concentration of paraquat on day 32 after intoxication and failed bridge to transplantation by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Street 1, Hannover 30625, Germany. bertram.anna@mh-hannover.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Paraquat is a highly toxic herbicide, which not only leads to acute organ damage, but also to pulmonary fibrosis. There are only anecdotal reports of rescue lung transplantation, as paraquat is stored and only slowly released from different tissues. Bridging the time to complete depletion of paraquat from the body could render this exceptional therapy strategy possible, but not much is known on the time interval after which transplantation can safely be performed.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report on a case of accidental paraquat poisoning in a 23 years old Caucasian man, who developed respiratory failure due to pulmonary fibrosis. The patient was listed for high urgency lung transplantion, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was implemented to bridge the time to transplantation. The patient died 32 days after paraquat ingestion, before a suitable donor organ was found. In postmortem tissue specimen, no paraquat was detectable anymore.

CONCLUSION:

This case report indicates that complete elimination of paraquat after oral ingestion of a lethal dose is achievable. The determined time frame for this complete elimination might be relevant for patients, in which lung transplantation is considered.

PMID:
24010554
PMCID:
PMC3847611
DOI:
10.1186/2050-6511-14-45
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center