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J Am Coll Health. 2013;61(7):381-5. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2013.819806.

Differential relationships between religiosity, cigarette smoking, and waterpipe use: implications for college student health.

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1
a Department of Psychology , Wayne State University , Detroit , Michigan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Using a framework informed by problem behavior theory, the authors examined differential relationships between religiosity and the frequency of cigarette and waterpipe tobacco smoking.

PARTICIPANTS:

Six hundred fourteen individuals beginning their freshman year at a large, public, midwestern university.

METHODS:

Paper-and-pencil surveys were administered to students who attended freshman orientation. Electronic surveys were sent to students who did not attend orientation.

RESULTS:

Although a latent, generalized religiosity factor was negatively associated with frequency of cigarette smoking, there was no such relationship for frequency of waterpipe use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Conceptualizing waterpipe tobacco smoking in terms of problem behavior theory may be inappropriate, given its lack of association with religiosity. These results may reflect the perception that waterpipe use is a more socially acceptable form of tobacco use that is less harmful to health than cigarette smoking, despite medical evidence to the contrary. Implications for prevention and intervention are discussed.

PMID:
24010492
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2013.819806
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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