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Front Cell Neurosci. 2013 Aug 28;7:135. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2013.00135. eCollection 2013.

Low micromolar Ba(2+) potentiates glutamate transporter current in hippocampal astrocytes.

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1
Neuroscience Center, University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland ; RIKEN Brain Science Institute Wako-shi, Japan.

Abstract

Glutamate uptake, mediated by electrogenic glutamate transporters largely localized in astrocytes, is responsible for the clearance of glutamate released during excitatory synaptic transmission. Glutamate uptake also determines the availability of glutamate for extrasynaptic glutamate receptors. The efficiency of glutamate uptake is commonly estimated from the amplitude of transporter current recorded in astrocytes. We recorded currents in voltage-clamped hippocampal CA1 stratum radiatum astrocytes in rat hippocampal slices induced by electrical stimulation of the Schaffer collaterals. A Ba(2+)-sensitive K(+) current mediated by inward rectifying potassium channels (Kir) accompanied the transporter current. Surprisingly, Ba(2+) not only suppressed the K(+) current and changed holding current (presumably, mediated by Kir) but also increased the transporter current at lower concentrations. However, Ba(2+) did not significantly increase the uptake of aspartate in cultured astrocytes, suggesting that increase in the amplitude of the transporter current does not always reflect changes in glutamate uptake.

KEYWORDS:

astrocytes; barium; glutamate transporters; glutamate uptake; hippocampus

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