Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Carcinog. 2015 Feb;54(2):134-47. doi: 10.1002/mc.22081. Epub 2013 Sep 5.

Differential 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced activation of rat mammary carcinoma susceptibility Fbxo10 variant promoters via a PKC-AP1 pathway.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky.


Rat mammary carcinoma susceptibility 5a1 (Mcs5a1), which is concordant to human MCS5A1 breast cancer risk locus, mediates susceptibility by a non-mammary cell-autonomous mechanism associated with T cell differential expression of F-box protein 10 (Fbxo10). Human FBXO10, an evolutionarily conserved ubiquitin ligase gene, was shown to have a potential role in regulating cell death by controlling the degradation of Bcl-2, a key protein involved in apoptosis. Breast cancer susceptibility is controlled by interactions between environmental and genetic factors; therefore, we sought to determine if breast cancer risk-associated environmental chemicals interact with Mcs5a1 variants using luciferase reporter constructs containing 4.2 kb Fbxo10 promoters based on alleles of mammary cancer susceptible Wistar Furth (WF) and resistant Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat strains. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced activation of a 4.2 kb WF Fbxo10 promoter region, but lower levels of activation of the homologous WKY Fbxo10 promoter region. Using general and specific protein kinase inhibitors, we identified a protein kinase C (PKC) pathway that mediated TPA activation. We narrowed the possible PKCs to a member of the atypical PKC isoforms, namely PKCĀµ. We also determined that activator protein 1 (AP1) family member c-Fos mediated TPA activation of the 4.2 kb WF Fbxo10 promoter. TPA was shown to induce endogenous FBXO10 mRNA and FBXO10 protein in Jurkat cells, a human T cell line, with a maximal level of expression from 1.5 to 2.5 h after exposure. These results indicate that FBXO10/Fbxo10 expression is regulated by a PKC-dependent pathway acting through c-Fos, which binds AP1-specific DNA elements in Mcs5a1.


F-box protein 10; activator protein 1; breast cancer susceptibility; mammary carcinoma susceptibility 5a1; protein kinase C

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center