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Neurodegener Dis. 2014;13(1):24-8. doi: 10.1159/000351097. Epub 2013 Sep 5.

Influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in COMT, MAO-A and BDNF genes on dyskinesias and levodopa use in Parkinson's disease.

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1
Department of Medicine (Neuroscience), Monash University (Alfred Hospital), Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Clinical heterogeneity in the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) suggests endogenous factors play a significant role in determining their overall prevalence.

OBJECTIVE:

We hypothesised that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in specific genes may result in a clinical phenotype conducive to an increased risk of LID.

METHODS:

We examined the influence of SNPs in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes on LID in a cohort of 285 pathologically confirmed Parkinson's disease patients, using data from their complete disease course.

RESULTS:

Dyskinetic patients demonstrated younger age at disease onset (60.3 vs. 66.4 years, p < 0.0001), a longer disease duration (17.0 vs. 12.0 years, p < 0.0001) and a higher maximum daily levodopa equivalent dose (LED; 926.7 vs. 617.1 mg/day, p < 0.0001) than patients without dyskinesias. No individual SNP was found to influence prevalence or time to onset of dyskinesias, including after adjustment for known risk factors. We observed that patients carrying alleles conferring both high COMT activity and increased MAO-A mRNA expression received significantly higher maximum and mean daily LEDs than those with low enzyme activity/mRNA expression (max LED: 835 ± 445 vs. 508 ± 316 mg; p = 0.0056, mean LED: 601 ± 335 vs. 398 ± 260 mg; p = 0.025).

CONCLUSIONS:

Individual SNPs in BDNF, COMT and MAO-A genes did not influence prevalence or time to onset of dyskinesias in this cohort. The possibility that combined COMT and MAO-A genotype is a significant factor in determining an individual's lifetime levodopa exposure warrants further investigation.

PMID:
24008922
PMCID:
PMC4194629
DOI:
10.1159/000351097
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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