Send to

Choose Destination
Stud Fam Plann. 2013 Sep;44(3):259-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2013.00357.x.

Religious denomination, religious involvement, and modern contraceptive use in southern Mozambique.

Author information

Professor, Center for Population Dynamics, T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287. E-mail:


The relationship between contraceptive use and religion remains a subject of considerable debate. This article argues that this relationship is rooted in context-specific institutional and organizational aspects of religious belonging and involvement. Drawing upon unique recent data from a population-based survey of women conducted in a predominantly Christian high-fertility area of Mozambique, this study examines the connections between religion and contraception from two complementary angles. First, differences in current use of modern contraceptives across main denominational groups are analyzed. The results show higher prevalence of modern contraceptive use among Catholics and, to a lesser extent, traditional Protestants net of other individual- and community-level factors. Second, an analysis of religious involvement reveals that frequent church attendance has a net positive association with modern contraceptive use regardless of denominational affiliation. These findings are situated within the historical context of religious, demographic, and socio-political dynamics of Mozambique and similar sub-Saharan settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center