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Curr Opin Lipidol. 2013 Oct;24(5):371-80. doi: 10.1097/MOL.0b013e328363d298.

Myeloid cells in atherosclerosis: a delicate balance of anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory mechanisms.

Author information

1
Division of Inflammation Biology, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, La Jolla, California, USA. ekoltsova@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Atherosclerosis is chronic disease, whose progression is orchestrated by the balance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Various myeloid cells, including monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils can be found in normal and atherosclerotic aortas, in which they regulate inflammation and progression of atherosclerosis. The lineage relationship between blood monocyte subsets and the various phenotypes and functions of myeloid cells in diseased aortas is under active investigation.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Various subsets of myeloid cells play diverse roles in atherosclerosis. This review discusses new findings in phenotypic and functional characterization of different subsets of macrophages, in part determined by the transcription factors IRF5 and Trib1, and dendritic cells, characterized by the transcription factor Zbtb46, in atherosclerosis.

SUMMARY:

Improved understanding proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of macrophages and dendritic cell functions is needed for better preventive and therapeutic measures in atherosclerosis.

PMID:
24005215
PMCID:
PMC4939820
DOI:
10.1097/MOL.0b013e328363d298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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