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Am J Hypertens. 2014 Jan;27(1):72-80. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpt163. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

Blood pressure responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions and the cold pressor test: the GenSalt replication study in rural North China.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Salt Sensitivity (GenSalt) study, we observed that blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions and the cold pressor test (CPT) varied greatly among individuals. We conducted a replication study to confirm our previous findings among 695 study participants.

METHODS:

The dietary intervention included a 7-day low sodium (51.3 mmol/day), a 7-day high sodium (307.8 mmol/day), and a 7-day high sodium with potassium supplementation (307.8 mmol sodium and 60 mmol potassium/day). BP measurements were obtained during the baseline and each intervention phase. During the CPT, BP was measured before and at 0, 1, 2, and 4 minutes after the participants immersed their right hand in ice water for 1 minute.

RESULTS:

Systolic and diastolic BP responses (mean ± SD (range), mm Hg) were 8.1±8.4 (-39.1 to 18.2) and -3.5±5.1 (-25.1 to 11.1) to low sodium, 9.1±8.4 (-13.3 to 33.1) and 4.0±5.4 (-16.0 to 20.7) to high sodium, and -4.6±5.8 (-31.8 to 11.6) and -1.9±4.3 (-16.9 to 14.2) to potassium supplementation, respectively (all P < 0.0001 for comparison with each former phase). The mean maximum systolic and diastolic BP responses to the CPT were 16.5±10.5 (-15.3 to 63.3) and 7.6±6.1 (-8.7 to 39.3), respectively (all P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study indicates that there are large variations in BP responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions and to the CPT among individuals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00721721.

KEYWORDS:

blood pressure; cold pressor test; dietary potassium; hypertension; salt sensitivity; sodium.

PMID:
24004934
PMCID:
PMC3848630
DOI:
10.1093/ajh/hpt163
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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