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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2013 Oct 1;936:63-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2013.07.027. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

A novel ion pairing LC/MS metabolomics protocol for study of a variety of biologically relevant polar metabolites.

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Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Laurentian University, Canada.


We report a method of ion-pairing liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (IP-LC-MS) that we have developed for the sensitive detection and quantification of a variety of biologically relevant polar molecules. We use the ion-pairing agent diamyl ammonium to improve chromatographic resolution of polar compounds, such as nucleotide cofactors, sugar phosphates, and organic acids, that are generally poorly retained by conventional reverse phase chromatographic methods. This method showed good linearity (average R value of 0.996) and reproducibility (generally RSD values <10%). We demonstrate the utility of this method by investigating the metabolomic signature of three distinct biological systems: the metabolic response to lack of superoxide dismutase activity and to paraquat induced oxidative stress, and the metabolic profiles of four different Drosophila species.


Diamyl ammonium (DAA); Drosophila metabolomics; IP-LC–MS; Ion pairing chromatography; Polar metabolites

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