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Work. 2014;49(4):641-51. doi: 10.3233/WOR-131732.

Safety, tolerability and effectiveness of an ergonomic intervention with chiropractic care for knowledge workers with upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders: a prospective case series.

Author information

1
Ergonomics Institute, Life Chiropractic College West, Hayward, CA, USA.
2
Life Chiropractic College West, Hayward, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

One hundred and sixty million office workers (knowledge workers) in the U.S. and 2/3 of the developed countries use computers on a daily basis.

OBJECTIVE:

Investigate the effectiveness of ergonomic and diversified chiropractic care for the reduction of pain, discomfort and impaired productivity in knowledge workers presenting with neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal complaints.

METHODS:

A one-year prospective case series (n=5 applying ergonomic job task analyses and ongoing surveillance at baseline, 8 weeks, 16 weeks and one-year for musculoskeletal discomfort (CMDQ and VAS, quality of life (Rand SF-36, productivity and forward head posture (FHP).

RESULTS:

CMDQ and VAS scores decreased by 45% (neck) and 80% (upper extremities); productivity increased from 65% to 100%; physical functioning, role physical and role emotional improved for 4 of 5 subjects; body pain and general health improved for 3 of 5. Average FHP changed from 1-inch (baseline) to 1/4-inch (16-weeks) to 1/2-inch (one year).

CONCLUSIONS:

Effectiveness of this intervention for the reduction of risks depended upon the subject's adoption of safe workstyle behaviors and postures. A transtheoretical model (TTM) for behavior change is discussed as a possible methodology to enhance the adoption of safer work habits.

KEYWORDS:

Ergonomics job task analysis; behavior change; chiropractic care; transtheoretical model; upper extremity musculoskeletal disorder

PMID:
24004790
DOI:
10.3233/WOR-131732
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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