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Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2013 Dec;11(6):434-40. doi: 10.1089/met.2013.0081. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

Adiposity and cardiovascular risk clustering in South Asians.

Author information

1
1 Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California , San Francisco, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

South Asians have increased risk for type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, but the relationship between metabolic health and weight has not been described. This study establishes the prevalence of metabolic abnormalities in normal weight, overweight, and obese South Asians.

METHODS:

Participants were categorized by body mass index and waist circumference. Subjects with two or more cardiometabolic risk factors (blood pressure, glucose, insulin, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and C-reactive protein) were defined as metabolically abnormal.

RESULTS:

Forty-one percent of the sample (n=1015) was metabolically abnormal, and 12% of those were normal weight. Of metabolically healthy individuals, 58% were overweight or obese. At a normal level of adiposity, women were more likely to be metabolically unhealthy, whereas men were more likely to be unhealthy with increasing adiposity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Similar to other ethnic groups, a significant number of normal weight South Asians can be metabolically unhealthy.

PMID:
24004335
PMCID:
PMC3882736
DOI:
10.1089/met.2013.0081
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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