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Hepat Mon. 2013 May 16;13(5):e8375. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.8375. eCollection 2013.

Multiplex ARMS PCR to Detect 8 Common Mutations of ATP7B Gene in Patients With Wilson Disease.

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Department of Medical Genetics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran ; Department of Molecular Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.



Wilson disease is a rare disorder of copper metabolism due to mutation in ATP7B gene. Proper counseling of patients with Wilson disease, and their families necessitates finding mutation in ATP7B gene. Finding mutations in ATP7B gene with 21 exons, and more than 500 mutations is expensive and time-consuming.


The aim of this study was to provide a simple multiplex amplification refractory mutation system PCR (M-ARMS-PCR) for screening eight common mutations in ATP7B gene.


Two sets of ARMS mutant and normal specific primer pairs were designed for genotyping of p.R778L, p.R969Q, p.H1069Q, and p.3400delC mutations as Set 1 and p.W779G, c.3061-1G > A, p.I1102T, and p.N1270S mutations as Set 2. The Multiplex ARMS assay was then subsequently tested in 65 patients with Wilson disease with known and unknown ATP7B mutations.


Using these two sets, we identified H1069Q mutation in four patients, c.2335T > G mutation in three, c.3061-1G > A splice site mutation in five, c.3305T > C mutation in one, and c.3809A > G mutation in two patients.


The Multiplex ARMS assay used in this study can be an efficient, reliable, and cost effective method as a primary screen for patients with Wilson disease.


Hepatolenticular Degeneration; Iran; Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction

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