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Transplantation. 2013 Sep 15;96(5):487-93. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e31829acb10.

Order of donor type in pediatric kidney transplant recipients requiring retransplantation.

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Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.



Living-donor kidney transplantation (KT) is encouraged for children with end-stage renal disease due to superior long-term graft survival compared with deceased-donor KT. Despite this, there has been a steady decrease in the use of living-donor KT for pediatric recipients. Due to their young age at transplantation, most pediatric recipients eventually require retransplantation, and the optimal order of donor type is not clear.


Using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, we analyzed first and second graft survival among 14,799 pediatric (<18 years old) recipients undergoing KT between 1987 and 2010.


Living-donor grafts had longer survival compared with deceased-donor grafts, similarly among both first (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.84; P<0.001) and second (aHR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.64-0.84; P<0.001) transplants. Living-donor second grafts had longer survival compared with deceased-donor second grafts, similarly after living-donor (aHR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.56-0.83; P<0.001) and deceased-donor (aHR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.63-0.95; P=0.02) first transplants. Cumulative graft life of two transplants was similar regardless of the order of deceased-donor and living-donor transplantation.


Deceased-donor KT in pediatric recipients followed by living-donor retransplantation does not negatively impact the living-donor graft survival advantage and provides similar cumulative graft life compared with living-donor KT followed by deceased-donor retransplantation. Clinical decision-making for pediatric patients with healthy, willing living donors should consider these findings in addition to the risk of sensitization, aging of the living donor, and deceased-donor waiting times.

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