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Dent Mater. 2013 Nov;29(11):1091-7. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2013.07.020. Epub 2013 Sep 1.

Linear and volumetric dimensional changes of injection-molded PMMA denture base resins.

Author information

1
Department of Prosthodontics, Propaedeutics and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Christian-Albrechts University at Kiel, Germany; Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Damascus, Syria. Electronic address: selbahra@proth.uni-kiel.de.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the linear and volumetric dimensional changes of six denture base resins processed by their corresponding injection-molding systems at 3 time intervals of water storage.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two heat-curing (SR Ivocap Hi Impact and Lucitone 199) and four auto-curing (IvoBase Hybrid, IvoBase Hi Impact, PalaXpress, and Futura Gen) acrylic resins were used with their specific injection-molding technique to fabricate 6 specimens of each material. Linear and volumetric dimensional changes were determined by means of a digital caliper and an electronic hydrostatic balance, respectively, after water storage of 1, 30, or 90 days. Means and standard deviations of linear and volumetric dimensional changes were calculated in percentage (%). Statistical analysis was done using Student's and Welch's t tests with Bonferroni-Holm correction for multiple comparisons (α=0.05).

RESULTS:

Statistically significant differences in linear dimensional changes between resins were demonstrated at all three time intervals of water immersion (p≤0.05), with exception of the following comparisons which showed no significant difference: IvoBase Hi Impact/SR Ivocap Hi Impact and PalaXpress/Lucitone 199 after 1 day, Futura Gen/PalaXpress and PalaXpress/Lucitone 199 after 30 days, and IvoBase Hybrid/IvoBase Hi Impact after 90 days. Also, statistically significant differences in volumetric dimensional changes between resins were found at all three time intervals of water immersion (p≤0.05), with exception of the comparison between PalaXpress and Futura Gen.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Denture base resins (IvoBase Hybrid and IvoBase Hi Impact) processed by the new injection-molding system (IvoBase), revealed superior dimensional precision.

KEYWORDS:

Denture base resin; Injection-molding; Linear dimensional change; Volumetric dimensional change

PMID:
24001949
DOI:
10.1016/j.dental.2013.07.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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