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Waste Manag. 2013 Dec;33(12):2659-63. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2013.08.009. Epub 2013 Aug 31.

Zeolites relieves inhibitory stress from high concentrations of long chain fatty acids.

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Dept. of Biogas R & D, Tekniska verken i Linköping AB (public), Box 1500, SE-581 15 Linköping, Sweden.


Protein and fat rich slaughterhouse waste is a very attractive waste stream for the production of biogas because of the high biochemical methane potential of the substrate. The material has however some drawbacks as the sole material for biogas production due to the production of several process disturbing metabolites such as ammonia, sulfides and long chain fatty acids. We can in this work present results that show that zeolites have the potential to relieve inhibitory stress from the presence of long chain fatty acids. Moreover, the results strongly indicate that it is mainly acetic acid consumers that are most negatively affected by long chain fatty acids and that the mechanism of stress relief is an adsorption of long chain fatty acids to the zeolites. In addition to this, it is shown that the effect is immediate and that only a small amount of zeolites is necessary to cancel the inhibitory effect of long chain fatty acids.


Anaerobic digestion; Inhibition; Long chain fatty acids; Slaughterhouse waste; Zeolites

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