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Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2013 Oct;29(5):227-32. doi: 10.1111/phpp.12058.

Catechol-O-methyltransferase activity in psoriasis patients treated with psoralen plus ultraviolet A therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. mimed07127@med.up.pt

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity is increased in patients with mild/moderate psoriasis. Narrowband ultraviolet B (nbUVB) phototherapy decreases COMT activity. However, the effect of psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) on this enzyme activity is unknown, and it remains to be clarified if the nbUVB-induced effect in COMT activity is related to clinical response. The aim of this study is to evaluate COMT activity in moderate/severe psoriasis and assess whether PUVA therapy modifies this activity.

METHODS:

An observational study was conducted on 18 patients with moderate/severe psoriasis and 13 matched controls. Patients were treated with PUVA twice weekly during 6 weeks, and they were evaluated for Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and COMT activity before photochemotherapy, at the end of it and 4 weeks after stopping.

RESULTS:

Before PUVA therapy, S(soluble)-COMT activity was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in psoriasis patients than in controls. After photochemotherapy, no significant differences were found in S-COMT activity at all end points. Photochemotherapy significantly decreased PASI but COMT activity values remained higher than those of control population.

CONCLUSION:

Psoriasis patients with moderate/severe disease present higher S-COMT activity than controls. Although a good clinical response was observed, PUVA therapy does not change S-COMT activity. This differential COMT effect of PUVA and nbUVB suggests a wavelength-specific regulation.

KEYWORDS:

COMT; PUVA; phototherapy; psoriasis

PMID:
24001377
DOI:
10.1111/phpp.12058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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