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J Infect Public Health. 2013 Oct;6(5):370-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jiph.2013.04.007. Epub 2013 Jun 25.

Yellow Fever outbreak in Darfur, Sudan in October 2012; the initial outbreak investigation report.

Author information

1
Directorate of Epidemiology & Zoonotic Diseases, Sudan Federal Ministry of Health, Sudan. Electronic address: soghaier@gmail.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Sudan is subject to repeated outbreaks, including Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (VHF), which is considered to be a very serious illness. Yellow Fever (YF) outbreaks in Sudan have been reported from the 1940s through 2005. In 2012, a new outbreak of YF occurred in the Darfur region.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the potential for an outbreak, to diagnose the disease and to be able to recognize its cause among the initial reported cases.

METHODOLOGY:

>This is a descriptive and investigative field study that applies standard communicable disease outbreak investigation steps. The study involved clinical, serological, entomological and environmental surveys.

RESULTS:

The field investigation confirmed the outbreak and identified its cause to be YF.

CONCLUSION:

National surveillance systems should be strong enough to detect VHFs in a timely manner. Local health facilities should be prepared to promptly treat the initial cases because the case fatality ratios (CFRs) are usually very high among the index cases.

KEYWORDS:

Darfur; Soghaier; Sudan; VHFs; Yellow Fever

PMID:
23999341
DOI:
10.1016/j.jiph.2013.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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