Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Infect Public Health. 2013 Dec;6(6):423-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jiph.2013.04.010. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

Changes in prescriptive practices in skin and soft tissue infections associated with the increased occurrence of community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
Biology Department, Queensborough Community College, 222-05 56th Avenue, M213, Bayside, NY 11364, USA. Electronic address: cmeddlestorres@qcc.cuny.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Over 30% of the US population is colonized with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). People within the community, without factors associated with Hospital Acquired (HA) MRSA, present with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Community Acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) is resistant to antibiotics typically prescribed for SSTI. Many SSTIs are treated with antibiotics that are ineffective against drug resistant strains.

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

This study examines the incidence of SSTIs associated with CA-MRSA, to determine if an increase in SSTI's is associated with changes in prescribing patterns for MRSA.

METHODS:

A secondary analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) data was used to detect incidence of SSTIs based on ICD-9 coding between the periods of 1997-2002 and 2003-2008. Antibiotic prescribing patterns were examined for treatment.

RESULTS:

Incidence of SSTIs increased by 84.7% from 1997-2002 to 2003-2008. Antibiotics prescribed for methicillin sensitive S. aureus decreased while treatment with MSRA antibiotics increased.

CONCLUSION:

There is an increased incidence of SSTI within the community, suggesting that CA-MRSA may be a contributing factor. Health care providers are recognizing the increased incidence of CAMRSA, and are treating SSTI with appropriate antibiotics.

KEYWORDS:

CA-MRSA; Community Acquired MRSA; Community acquired; MRSA; MSSA; Methicillin resistance; NAMCS; NHAMCS; National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey; National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey; SSTI; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus; skin and soft tissue infections

PMID:
23999333
DOI:
10.1016/j.jiph.2013.04.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center