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J Feline Med Surg. 2013 Sep;15 Suppl 1:29-44. doi: 10.1177/1098612X13495241.

Feline CKD: Current therapies - what is achievable?

Author information

1
Feline Friendly Practice, Veterinary Specialist Services, Underwood 4009, Australia. rkorman@vss.net.au

Abstract

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE:

Treatment of feline chronic kidney disease (CKD) tends to focus on minimising the adverse effects of reduced renal function, rather than addressing an underlying cause. Despite this, and the progressive nature of CKD, treatment can improve quality of life and enable many cats to have long survival times.

EVIDENCE BASE:

Strong evidence supports the provision of renal diets, which are protein and phosphorus restricted; compliance is improved by gradual dietary transition. Additional phosphorus restriction is achieved by the use of phosphate binding agents, although it is unknown if these yield similar survival benefits to those provided by renal diets. Interventions to control hypokalaemia and hypertension in affected cats are important to prevent serious complications. Administration of benazepril to cats with proteinuric kidney disease has been shown to significantly improve their appetite but not their survival. As CKD progresses, many cats will benefit from treatment to control clinical signs of uraemic gastroenteritis and anaemia.

PMID:
23999184
DOI:
10.1177/1098612X13495241
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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