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Nanotechnology. 2013 Sep 27;24(38):384004. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/38/384004. Epub 2013 Sep 2.

A theoretical and experimental study of neuromorphic atomic switch networks for reservoir computing.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California-Los Angeles, 607 Charles E Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

Atomic switch networks (ASNs) have been shown to generate network level dynamics that resemble those observed in biological neural networks. To facilitate understanding and control of these behaviors, we developed a numerical model based on the synapse-like properties of individual atomic switches and the random nature of the network wiring. We validated the model against various experimental results highlighting the possibility to functionalize the network plasticity and the differences between an atomic switch in isolation and its behaviors in a network. The effects of changing connectivity density on the nonlinear dynamics were examined as characterized by higher harmonic generation in response to AC inputs. To demonstrate their utility for computation, we subjected the simulated network to training within the framework of reservoir computing and showed initial evidence of the ASN acting as a reservoir which may be optimized for specific tasks by adjusting the input gain. The work presented represents steps in a unified approach to experimentation and theory of complex systems to make ASNs a uniquely scalable platform for neuromorphic computing.

PMID:
23999129
DOI:
10.1088/0957-4484/24/38/384004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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