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J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Sep;26(9):965-1012.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2013.06.023.

American Society of Echocardiography clinical recommendations for multimodality cardiovascular imaging of patients with pericardial disease: endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance and Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

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Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.


2D; CMR; CP; CT; Cardiac computed tomography; Cardiovascular magnetic resonance; Computed tomography; Constrictive pericarditis; ECG; Echocardiography; Electrocardiographic; IVC; Inferior vena cava; LGE; LV; Late gadolinium enhancement; Left ventricular; MR; Magnetic resonance; NSAID; Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; PET; PEff; PW; Pericardial disease; Pericardial effusion; Positron emission tomography; Pulsed-wave; RA; RV; Right atrial; Right ventricular; SE; SSFP; STIR; SVC; Short-tau inversion recovery; Spin-echo; Steady-state free precession; Superior vena cava; T1-weighted; T1W; T2-weighted; T2W; TEE; TTE; Transesophageal echocardiography; Transthoracic echocardiography; Two-dimensional

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