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J Gen Virol. 2013 Nov;94(Pt 11):2530-5. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.056267-0. Epub 2013 Aug 30.

Characterization of protein-protein interaction domains within the baculovirus Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus late expression factor LEF-3.

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Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences Queen's University Kingston, ON K7L 3N6 Canada.


Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus late expression factor 3 (LEF-3) is required for late viral gene expression probably through its numerous functions related to DNA replication, including nuclear localization of the virus helicase P143 and binding to ssDNA. LEF-3 appears to interact with itself as a homo-oligomer, although the details of this oligomeric structure are not yet known. To examine LEF-3-LEF-3 interactions, a bimolecular fluorescent protein complementation assay was used. Pairs of recombinant plasmids expressing full-length LEF-3 fused to one of two complementary fragments (V1 or V2) of a variant of yellow fluorescent protein named 'Venus' were constructed. Plasmids expressing fusions with complementary fragments of Venus were co-transfected into Sf21 cells and analysed by fluorescence microscopy. Co-transfected plasmids expressing full-length V1-LEF-3 and V2-LEF-3 showed positive fluorescence, confirming the formation of homo-oligomers. A series of truncated V1/V2-LEF-3 fusions was constructed and used to investigate interactions with one another as well as with full-length LEF-3.

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