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Cell Tissue Res. 2013 Dec;354(3):771-81. doi: 10.1007/s00441-013-1697-4. Epub 2013 Aug 31.

High-fat diet alters protein composition of detergent-resistant membrane microdomains.

Author information

1
Institute of Cellular Biology and Pathology "Nicolae Simionescu", 8 BP Hasdeu Street, PO Box 35-14, 050568, Bucharest, Romania.

Abstract

A high-lipid diet is one of the main risk factors in atherosclerosis and can induce changes in the composition of plasma membrane microdomains. In response, important functions such as vesicle trafficking, protein docking, signaling and receptor recognition are significantly altered. In particular, interactions of heat-shock proteins (Hsps), acting as danger signals, with components of the membrane microdomains can influence signaling pathways and the inflammatory response of cells. Our study focuses on the composition of detergent-resistant membrane (DRM) isolated from ApoE-/- mice fed a standard or high-fat diet with and without fluvastatin treatment versus appropriate controls. Biochemical studies, immunoblotting and liquid chromatography mass spectrometric analysis were performed to investigate whether the structural components (such as caveolin and cavin) of the detergent-resistant microdomains were correlated with the expression and secretion of stress-inducible Hsps (Hsp70 and Hsp90) and AKT phosphorylation in experimental atherosclerosis. ApoE-/- mice challenged with a high-fat diet developed extensive atherosclerotic plaques in lesion-prone areas. DRM harvested from hyperlipidemic animals showed a modified biochemical composition with cholesterol, glycerolipids, caveolin-1 and phospho-AKT being up-regulated, whereas cavin-1 and dynamin were down-regulated. The data also demonstrated the co-fractionation of Hsps with caveolin-1 in isolated DRM, expression being positively correlated with their secretion into blood serum. Statin therapy significantly attenuated the processes induced by the development of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice under a high-fat diet. Thus, high-lipid stress induces profound changes in DRM biochemistry and modifies the cellular response, supporting the systemic inflammatory onset of atherosclerosis.

PMID:
23996201
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-013-1697-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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