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Curr Opin Pediatr. 2013 Oct;25(5):597-603. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e328363ecf5.

Gastroesophageal reflux in the 21st century.

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1
aDepartment of Gastroenterology, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children bSchool of Paediatrics & Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) remains a common, challenging problem for clinicians, with differentiation of normal development from disease a particular issue. This review updates clinicians on advances in diagnosis of GER, relationship to other problems, and current practice in management.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Development and understanding of multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring has given insights into the relationship of GER to symptoms. Medical treatment has changed little. Avoidance of overmedicalizing normal development is the major issue for clinicians. Laparoscopic fundoplication is established as equivalent to open fundoplication. Newer endoscopic techniques have only limited use in children to date.

SUMMARY:

Major changes in pediatric GER relate to understanding of physiology and relationship of GER to symptoms. The major challenge for clinicians involve differentiation of normal from abnormal GER, and applying the most relevant management.

PMID:
23995426
DOI:
10.1097/MOP.0b013e328363ecf5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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