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J Clin Exp Hematop. 2013;53(2):167-73.

Primary hepatic circumscribed Burkitt's lymphoma that developed after acute hepatitis B: report of a case with a review of the literature.

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Department of Hematology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Urayasu, Japan.


A Japanese man aged 30 years old contracted acute hepatitis B in October 2011, and was cured following conservative treatment. Mild hepatosplenomegaly was the only positive finding on computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography at that time. In May 2012, slight impairment of the liver function was detected again in the patient; an abdominal CT at this time revealed a tumor mass in the right hepatic lobe, so subsegmentectomy of the right hepatic lobe was performed. On the basis of the findings of the resected specimen, primary hepatic circumscribed Burkitt's lymphoma (sporadic form), stage IA, was diagnosed. Multiple cycles of hyper-CVAD/MTX-Ara-C therapy with concomitant rituximab were administered, under which the patient was successfully maintained in complete remission. To date, at least 15 cases of primary hepatic Burkitt's lymphoma have been reported in the literature; all of the 11 patients without concurrent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection had the sporadic form of the disease. Asians were relatively common (7 patients) among these patients, and patients in their childhood or adolescence accounted for a considerable proportion. Therefore, the present case may be regarded as rather typical. The presence of hepatitis virus infection as a background disorder other than HIV is considered to be of profound interest etiologically.

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