Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 17;62(24):2308-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.06.054. Epub 2013 Aug 28.

Influence of race/ethnic differences in pre-transplantation panel reactive antibody on outcomes in heart transplant recipients.

Author information

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
Emory University School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.



This study sought to investigate post-transplantation outcomes as a function of race and panel reactive antibody (PRA).


PRA screening is used to determine the presence of pre-formed antibodies to population-wide human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) in patients being evaluated for heart transplantation (HT). Racial/ethnic differences in long-term survival after HT have been described. However, whether there are significant racial/ethnic differences in PRA among adults awaiting HT is poorly characterized.


We identified patients age ≥18 years in the Organ Procurement and Transplantation database with race/ethnicity of white, black, Hispanic, or Asian and listed for HT between 2000 and 2012 (N = 19,704). A PRA value of ≥10% was used to define clinically meaningful sensitization.


Blacks had a higher peak PRA than did all other groups and were more likely to be sensitized. Black HT recipients were more likely to experience graft failure than were Hispanic, white, and Asian recipients (31% vs. 27%, 26%, and 21%, respectively; p < 0.001). The median follow-up was 1,207 days (interquartile range: 373 to 2,364 days), with a trend toward a shorter median time to graft failure in the Asian group than in the black, Hispanic, and white groups (p = 0.065). Sensitized blacks had the lowest rate of allograft survival, whereas nonsensitized Asians had the highest survival. Using Cox proportional regression to adjust for other clinical variables, black race (HR: 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2 to 1.5), Hispanic ethnicity (HR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.0 to 1.5), and sensitization (HR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1 to 1.4) remained predictors of higher rates of graft failure.


Race/ethnicity and level of sensitization are important predictors of graft survival.


BMI; HLA; HT; PRA; SES; VAD; body mass index; heart transplant; human leukocyte antigen; panel reactive antibody; race/ethnicity; socioeconomic status; ventricular assist device

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center