Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cardiol. 2014 Jan;63(1):35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.06.016. Epub 2013 Aug 28.

Ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid to arachidonic acid is a critical risk factor for acute coronary syndrome in middle-aged older patients as well as younger adult patients.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Fukuoka Saiseikai Hospital, Fukuoka 810-0001, Japan.
2
Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan. Electronic address: miuras@cis.fukuoka-u.ac.jp.
3
Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan. Electronic address: saku-k@fukuoka-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Coronary risk factors for the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), including polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in younger adult patients may be different from those in older patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We enrolled 578 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Fukuoka Saiseikai Hospital, and divided them into a younger adult group (YG) (<50 years, n=47) and a middle-aged older group (OG) (≥50 years, n=531). In a multivariate analysis, lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to arachidonic acid (AA) (EPA/AA), and less aspirin, oral hypoglycemic agent, and calcium channel blocker (CCB) use were independent risk factors for ACS in all patients. In YG, lower levels of EPA/AA and less angiotensin II receptor blocker/angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use were the independent risk factors. In OG, smoking, lower levels of EPA/AA, less aspirin and CCB use were the risk factors. While lower levels of EPA/AA was the only risk factor for ACS that was common to all patients, YG and OG, docosahexaenoic acid/AA was not associated with ACS in YG and OG.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lower level of EPA/AA is a common critical risk factor for ACS in middle-aged older patients as well as younger adult patients. Some of the risk factors for the onset of ACS in younger patients were different from those in older patients.

KEYWORDS:

Acute coronary syndrome; Coronary angiography; Docosahexaenoic acid; Eicosapentaenoic acid; Polyunsaturated fatty acids

PMID:
23993904
DOI:
10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.06.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center